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Oomycete

Because of their filamentous growth habit, nutrition by absorption, and reproduction via spores, oomycetes were long regarded by plant pathologists as lower fungi. However, as our understanding of evolutionary relationships has grown, it is now clear that this group of organisms is unrelated to the true fungi The Oomycota are a class in a huge phylum of eukaryotic microorganisms called the Heterokonts. Oomycetes are a distinct phylogenetic lineage of fungus-like microorganisms.. They are not actually fungi, though some have filaments as fungi do. Like fungi, they are saprophytic and pathogenic. also like fungi, oomycetes rarely have septa, and if they do, they are scarce The terrestrial Oomycetes are primarily parasites of vascular plants, and include several very important plant pathogens. Aphanomyces, in the order Saprolegniales, causes a root rot of a wide range of hosts, including pea, snap bean, and sugar beet. Root rot of pea, caused by Aphanomyces euteiches Vleeshouwers et al., 2011).The oomycete community was one of the first in plant pathology to initiate coordinated transcriptome and genome sequencing projects,and subsequently to exploit the resulting resources to drive conceptual advances (Govers and Gijzen,2006;Paiset al.,2013;Schornacket al.,2009).Thesedays Les Oomycètes, c'est-à-dire la division des Oomycota ou classe des Oomycetes, comprennent entre 800 et 1000 espèces d'organismes eucaryotes filamenteux. Ce sont des organismes aquatiques non photosynthétiques. Compte tenu de leurs ressemblances morphologiques ils ont été longtemps classés comme groupe proche des Fungi, au sein des champignons. Les analyses phylogénétiques ont montré que les Oomycètes appartiennent en réalité aux Straménopiles, dont font aussi partie les algues.

Introduction to Oomycete

  1. řasovky (Peronosporomycetes) Některá data mohou pocházet z datové položky. Řasovky ( Perenosporomycota, Diplomastigomycotina ), též oomycety ( Oomycota ), je taxon eukaryotických organismů ze skupiny Stramenopila, superskupiny SAR
  2. 单卫星,男,博士,教授,博士研究生导师,教育部长江学者特聘教授,国家杰出青年科学基金获得者,从事卵菌生物学与作物卵菌病害成灾机理及病害防控研究。. 分别于 1989 年 7 月和 1992 年 7 月毕业于西北农业大学,获农学学士和硕士学位;1992 年 9 月 - 1995 年 12 月在西北农业大学植物保护系和中国科学院遗传研究所植物生物技术实验室联合培养博士研究生,获理学博士.
  3. oomycete (複数形 oomycetes) Any of a number of filamentous unicellular protists of the class Oomycetes; the water molds

Oomycete - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

卵菌(らんきん)は、不等毛類に属する原生生物の一つ。 近縁のサカゲツボカビ類とともに菌類様の外見を持つものが多い。. 化石記録としては、石炭紀の地層からヒカゲノカズラ類の内部寄生者、 Combresomyces 属の化石が発見されているほか 、白亜紀の琥珀からも卵菌類と考えられる構造が. The oomycetes are a class of ubiquitous, filamentous microorganisms that include some of the biggest threats to global food security and natural ecosystems. Within the oomycete class are highly diverse species that infect a broad range of animals and plants. Some of the most destructive plant pathog . The oomycetes are a class of ubiquitous,. Oomycetes, currently classified as stramenopile (chromistan) eukaryotes (Sogin et al., 1996; Tyler et al., 2006 ), are a group of filamentous, unicellular protists that physically resemble fungi. However, they differ from fungi in having cellulose instead of chitin in their cell wall and mycelia without septation

The Oomycota were once classified as fungi , because of their filamentous growth, and because they feed on decaying matter like fungi. The cell wall of oomycetes, however, is not composed of chitin, as in the fungi, but is made up of a mix of cellulosic compounds and glycan The obligate biotrophic oomycete Pl. viticola, the causal agent of grape downy mildew, is native to North America and was inadvertently introduced into Europe at the end of the 19th century (Millardet, 1881; Viennot-Bourgin, 1949), causing severe damage to Vitis vinifera, which had evolved in the absence of this pathogen (Galet, 1977; Gessler. SUMMARY The Oomycota include many economically significant microbial pathogens of crop species. Understanding the mechanisms by which oomycetes infect plants and identifying methods to provide durable resistance are major research goals. Over the last few years, many elicitors that trigger plant immunity have been identified, as well as host genes that mediate susceptibility to oomycete. oomycete in British English. (ˌəʊəˈmaɪsiːt ) noun. any organism of the phylum Oomycota (or Oomycetes ), formerly classified as fungi but now usually included in the kingdom Protoctista or Protista: includes the water moulds and downy mildews. Collins English Dictionary

Oomycete. Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oomycete. Accessed 19 Jul. 2021 oomycete. [ ō′ə-mī ′sēt′ ] Any of various nonphotosynthetic protists belonging to the phylum Oomycota and living in marine, freshwater, and soil environments. Oomycetes have cell walls made of cellulose or similar substances, and store their food as glycogen Oomycetes. The stem and root-rotting oomycetes are a large group of related fungus-like plant pathogens, including the genera Phytophthora, Pythium and Aphanomyces, which cause significant plant losses and yield declines in a wide range of plants across all sectors of horticulture Image from Mycologue Publications. Oomycota is a phylum of filamentous protists containing over 500 species. The majority of these organisms are in the groups commonly known as water molds or downy mildew. Oomycota means egg fungi, referring to the oversize oogonia which house the female gametes (eggs) Furthermore, infection with this oomycete species was the cause of losses in carp and Indian major carp, Labeo rohita, during the winter when the water had a high organic loading (Toor et al., 1983). Singhal et al. (1990) detected a significant suppression of growth in cultured carp, in which Saprolegnia sp. was associated with an Argulus.

The earliest diverging oomycete genera so far documented, Eurychasma and Haptoglossa, are both obligate parasites that show a high degree of complexity and sophistication in their host parasite interactions and infection structures. Key morphological and cytological features of the oomycetes will be reviewed in the context of our revised. Oomycetes definition is - a subclass of parasitic of saprophytic fungi (class Phycomycetes) that includes water molds, white rusts, and downy mildews and that is distinguished from the Zygomycetes by having the gametangia usually differentiated into antheridia and oogonia and by producing oospores as a result of the sexual process

oomycete. ( ˌəʊəˈmaɪsiːt) n. (Botany) any organism of the phylum Oomycota (or Oomycetes ), formerly classified as fungi but now usually included in the kingdom Protoctista or Protista: includes the water moulds and downy mildews OomycetesCN. 07, 15, 12, 13, 05, 21. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads Oomycete Genomes Project, in collaboration with VBI Microbial Database Partnering for Discovery : Search for a specific gene: Recent Changes and Planned Updates | Report a Bug The Oömycete Genomes Project. Oömycetes (water molds) is a group of organisms related to diatoms and brown algae..

Oomycete

Oomycetes. A class of fungi in the subdivision Mastigomycotina. They comprise a group of heterotropic, funguslike organisms that are classified with the zoosporic fungi (Mastigomycotina) but in reality are related to the heterokont algae. They are distinguished from other zoosporic fungi by the presence of biflagellate zoospores Judelson HS and Ah-Fong AMV. 2009. Progress and challenges in oomycete transformation, p 435-454. In Lamour K and Kamoun S (ed), Oomycete genetics and genomics: diversity, interactions and research tools. John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ Related WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. Oomycetes - nonphotosynthetic fungi that resemble algae and that reproduce by forming oospores; sometimes classified as protoctists class Oomycetes class - (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders Mastigomycota, Mastigomycotina, subdivision Mastigomycota, subdivision Mastigomycotina - fungi in which the spores and.

The Top 10 oomycete pathogens in molecular plant patholog

This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article Oomycete ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA. Cookie-policy; To contact us: mail to admin@qwerty.wik Welcome to the Oomycete Bioinformatics Training Workshop Site. These workshops are supported from 2011 to 2016 by the USDA NIFA Coordinated Agricultural Project (2011-68004-30104). They were previously supported by an NSF Research Collaboration Networks in Biology Grant (MCB-0639226) until 2013. Workshop is 3 full days, June 2-4, 2015

Oomycota — Wikipédi

About the conference. The International Soilborne Oomycete Conference brings together scientists from all over the world. These scientists, who work on oomycete pathogens in a variety of crops, present and discuss recent advancements in oomycetes, including biology, epidemiology, taxonomy, genetics, diversity, host resistance, chemical control, and integrated disease management Ø Both groups undergo sexual reproduction. Ø Both groups produce spores as a mode of reproduction. Difference between Oomycetes and True Fungi (1). Oomycetes: 1. Neighboring taxonomic group: Based on the phylogenetic analysis with 18S rRNA, oomycetes are more related to Heterokontae which contain diatoms and golden-brown algae 2. Hyphal architecture: Aseptate and coenocytic tubular hypha Adapted oomycete pathogens utilize apoplastic and intracellular effector arsenals to counter plant immunity mechanisms within each layer, including by evasion or suppression of recognition, interference with numerous signaling components, and neutralization or suppression of defense actions oomycète - Définitions Français : Retrouvez la définition de oomycète... - synonymes, homonymes, difficultés, citations Oomycota. Los oomicetos ( Oomycetes u Oomycota) son un grupo de protistas filamentosos pertenecientes al grupo de los pseudohongos. El nombre significa hongos huevo y se refiere al oogonio, estructura grande y esférica que contiene los gametos femeninos. El grupo engloba especies tanto saprofitas como parásitas, muy vinculadas al medio acuoso

Avocado Root Rot - The Daily Garden

Oomycota, phylum of funguslike organisms in the kingdom Chromista. Oomycetes may occur as saprotrophs (living on decayed matter) or as parasites living on higher plants and can be aquatic, amphibious, or terrestrial. The species Phytophthora infestans famously destroyed Ireland's potato crop with late blight and caused the Great Famine of. Updated 3.16.2020. Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the 2020 meeting has been cancelled. Please check back in the coming months when a decision has been made with regard to the 2021 meeting dates and location. We would also like to thank the 2020 Brno organizing committee for their hard work and efforts Oomycete diseases. Oomycete pathogens including multiple Pythium spp. and Phytophthora sojae can significantly affect stand establishment and root health of soybeans. We are leading efforts to identify the predominant oomycete pathogens of soybean seedling across the primary soybean producing states. To date we have identified more than 55. Downy mildew is one of the most destructive diseases of grapevine, causing tremendous economic loss in the grape and wine industry. The disease agent Plasmopara viticola is an obligate biotrophic oomycete, from which over 100 candidate RXLR effectors have been identified. In this study, 83 candidate RXLR effector genes (PvRXLRs) were cloned from the P. viticola isolate JL-7-2 genome Control of oomycete diseases relies mainly on chemical measures using products within 16 different chemical groups, among which the phenylamides (PAs), quinone outside inhibitors (QoIs), carboxylic acid amides (CAAs), and multisite inhibitors are most widely used. However, resistance evolved against most single-site inhibitors in many oomycete.

Řasovky - Wikipedi

Oomycet

  1. o acid motifs RxLR and LFLAK (Rehmany et al., 2005, Haas et al., 2009). These motifs define sets of several hundred intracellular effectors and have led to an upsurge in research on effector-host target interactions
  2. Many fungi and oomycete species are devasting plant pathogens. These eukaryotic filamentous pathogens secrete effector proteins to facilitate plant infection. Fungi and oomycete pathogens have diverse infection strategies and their effectors generally do not share sequence homology. However, they occupy similar host environments, either the plant apoplast or plant cytoplasm, and may therefore.
  3. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the life cycle of phytophthora with the help of suitable diagrams. Mycelium of Phytophthora: It is profusely branched and consists of aseptate, hyaline, profusely branched, coenocytic, moderately thick hyphae about 4-8µ in diameter. The hyphal wall is approximately 0.1µ thick. It is electron transparent except for a [
  4. This video shows you how to pronounce Oomycetes

The oomycete avirulence protein ATR13 from Hyaloperonospora parasitica, and numerous secreted effectors from P. infestans, have the RXLR motif but lack, or possess a variant of, the EER motif 11 Oomycete Diseases 519 transmitted by soil and water, infection by and transmission of P. ramorum occur prima-rily above ground. While the two species have much in common, e.g. extremely broad host ranges and disastrous consequen ces of introduction on native ecosystems, their contrasting modes of transmission span the range for oomycete pathogens The oomycete Phytophthora infestans causes late blight, the potato disease that precipitated the Irish famines in 1846 and 1847. It represents a reemerging threat to potato production and is one of >70 species that are arguably the most devastating pathogens of dicotyledonous plants. Nevertheless, little is known about the molecular bases of pathogenicity in these algae-like organisms or of. The remaining three oomycete-specific subfamilies appear similar to receptor kinases due to the presence of a signal peptide, transmembrane domains, and a cytoplasmic kinase domain. Twenty-two of the 25 proteins in Oomycete Subfamily 2 have one to six predicted transmembrane domains, with most also bearing signal peptides

These oomycete enzymes are the only known carbohydrate synthases that contain MIT domains and, given the vital importance of chitin for pathogenic Saprolegniales and the lack of biochemical information on oomycete Chs, it is of great relevance to determine the function of domains that are specific to these enzymes However, the effects of fungal and oomycete viruses on soil ecological processes are still mostly unknown. Interestingly, new metagenomics data suggest an extensive level of horizontal virus transfer between plants, fungi and insects. mycovirus, RNA virus, soil ecosystem, soil microorganisms, virome, virus effects

Emerging fungal and oomycete pathogens are increasingly threatening animals and plants globally. Amongst oomycetes, Saprolegnia species adversely affect wild and cultivated populations of amphibians and fish, leading to substantial reductions in biodiversity and food productivity. With the ban of several chemical control measures, new sustainable methods are needed to mitigate Saprolegnia. The oomycete Phytophthora infestans causes the devastating late blight diseases of potato and tomato. P. infestans uses spores for dissemination and infection, like many other filamentous eukaryotic plant pathogens. The expression of a subset of its genes during spore formation and germination were studied previously, but comprehensive genome-wide data have not been available

Abstract. This chapter discusses the major potato diseases worldwide: late blight, early blight, wart, and powdery scab. Late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, continues to be the main biotic constraint of potato production.Annual losses have been estimated to be about €6.1 billion, with major consequences to food security, especially in developing countries Saprolegnia (also known as water mold, oomycete infection, or winter kill), is an opportunistic fungal pathogen in freshwater aquariums. It usually appears as a fuzzy patch on your fish's skin. Not considered primary invaders, these water molds take advantage of sick or injured fish to cause disease in the skin or gills

In the paper Oomycete small RNAs invade the plant RNA-induced silencing complex for virulence the authors present evidence for a cross-kingdom sRNA transfer and functionality between an oomycete (Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis) and a plant (Arabidopsis thaliana). In general, this is an interesting work How to say oomycete in English? Pronunciation of oomycete with 2 audio pronunciations, 4 translations and more for oomycete Oomycetes are cosmopolitan, occurring in fresh and salt water, in soil, and as terrestrial parasites of plants. Many species can be grown in pure culture on defined media. There are four orders: The Saprolegniales and Leptomitales are popularly known as water molds. Some species are destructive fish parasites. Many Lagenidiales are parasites of. Additional information from the oomycete fossil record, especially from the diverse Cretaceous assemblages, as well as new sequence data from basal oomycete lineages and other under-sampled eukaryotes , may help future molecular clock studies better estimate evolutionary rates Oomycete genetics and genomics- Diversity, Interactions, and Research Tools, Wiley inc publication. Manuscript in molecular description and phylogeny of pythium mediterraneum, a novel species isolated from south mediterranean wetlands (case of the freshwater oubeira lake, northeastern Algeria

oomyceteの意味・使い方・読み方 Weblio英和辞

Wawra S, Bain J, Durward E, de Bruijn I, Minor KL, Matena A, Löbach L, Whisson SC, Bayer P, Porter AJ, Birch PRJ, Secombes CJ, and van West P. 2012. Host-targeting protein 1 (SpHtp1) from the oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica translocates specifically into fish cells in a tyrosine-O-sulphate-dependent manner. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A109:2096-2101 The Oomycota are a class in a huge phylum of eukaryotic microorganisms called the Heterokonts. Oomycetes are a distinct phylogenetic lineage of fungus -like microorganisms . They are not actually fungi, though some have filaments as fungi do. Like fungi, they are saprophytic and pathogenic. also like fungi, oomycetes rarely have septa, and if. Synonyms for Oomycete in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Oomycete. 1 synonym for Oomycetes: class Oomycetes. What are synonyms for Oomycete Oomycete. Here's the Problem. Oomycete Overview of Transgenic Strategies from Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary on Vimeo. Objective: Learn the steps of genetic engineering used in the process of developing oomycete resistant soybean. Let's Get Started. Steps to the Solution WELCOME TO OOMYCETEWORLD.NET. Oomycetes are an important group of microbial eukaryotes that include saprophytes and pathogens of plants, vertebrates, insects, and microbes. Some oomycetes play beneficial roles by cycling nutrients in ecosystems. Others, such as Phytophthora, are notorious plant pathogens and cause tens of billions of dollars of.

卵菌 - Wikipedi

Recent advances in oomycete genomic

  1. Gli oomiceti (Oomycota, sinonimo Oomycetes) sono una classe appartenenti al clade degli stramenopili nel regno dei Chromista.. Una volta questo gruppo era incluso nel regno dei funghi, a causa del loro sviluppo filamentoso e perché si alimentano di materia in decomposizione.La parete cellulare degli oomiceti, tuttavia, non è composta da chitina, come nei funghi, ma è formata da una miscela.
  2. Phytophthora parasitica: a model oomycete plant pathogen. Mycology, 5:43-51. Wang Y, Bouwmeester K, van de Mortel JE, Shan WX, and Govers F. (2013). Induced expression of defense-related genes in Arabidopsis upon infection with Phytophthora capsici. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 8:e24618
  3. Oomycota là một dòng vi sinh vật nhân thực hơi giống nấm.Chúng là những sinh vật thể sợi, kích thước hiển vi, có tính hút thu mà vừa có thể sinh sản hữu tính và vô tính.Các loài Oomyceta có thể sống hoại sinh hoặc ký sinh gây bệnh, bao gồm một số căn bệnh nổi tiếng nhất ở cây, như bệnh mốc sương và bệnh.
  4. oomycete - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. All Free

Oomycetes - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. What does oomycete mean? Any of various filamentous, often parasitic heterokonts of the division Oomycota, characterized by bearing female gamete..
  2. g biflagellate zoospores with an anterior tinsel flagellum and a posterior whiplash.
  3. Salient Features of Phytophthora. Economic Importance of Phytophthora. 1. Occurrence of Phytophthora: ADVERTISEMENTS: The genus is closely allied to Pythium. Waterhouse (1956) reported about 75 species of Phytophthora. They are more terrestrial than Pythium and thus less dependent on free water for reproduction
  4. The two sequenced oomycete genomes both contain a large family of Npp1-like proteins (40 members in P. ramorum and 29 in P. sojae). These oomycetes also secrete large numbers of protein toxins from other families, including Crn (crinkling and necrosis-inducing) and PcF proteins
  5. Oomycetes cause devastating plant diseases of global importance, yet little is known about the molecular basis of their pathogenicity. Recently, the first oomycete effector genes with cultivar-specific avirulence (AVR) functions were identified. Evidence of diversifying selection in these genes and their cognate plant host resistance genes suggests a molecular 'arms race' as plants and.
  6. oomycetesの意味や使い方 卵菌類 - 約1179万語ある英和辞典・和英辞典。発音・イディオムも分かる英語辞書
  7. lifestyles of oomycete plant pathogens, as well as on the understanding of genetic and molecular basis of oomycete-plant interactions. Phytophthora parasitica is a soilborne pathogen with a wide range of host plants and represents most species in the genus Phytophthora
The Down Side of Downy Mildew - Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

Introduction to the Oomycot

Difference Between Early Blight and Late Blight of PotatoGreenhouse & Floriculture: Downy Mildew of Coleus | UMass

The Top 10 oomycete pathogens in molecular plant pathology

Aphanomyces euteiches Drechs. is a soil-borne oomycete pathogen belonging to the Saprolegniales, which causes severe root rot of several legumes, including pea, common bean and alfalfa (Gaulin et al., 2007). The Aphanomyces genus includes animal pathogens that are involved in serious outbreaks in the aquatic environment Transformation of the oomycete, PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS , using microprojectile bombardment. Current Genetics 42: 228-235. Progress 01/01/02 to 12/31/02 Outputs Genes relevant to the biology of asexual spores have been identified from PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS, an oomycete fungus that causes the economically important late blight diseases of potato. Since oomycete cell walls contain cellulose, these enzymes can play a role in oomycete cell wall remodeling. Interestingly, while GH5 and GH6 cellulases are present in A. astaci and A. euteiches , a large family of GH7 was found only in A. euteiches (39 GH7-encoding gene), suggesting that this class of enzymes could play a role in plant. Recent advances in oomycete genomics. Adv Genet. 2020;105:175-228 Authors: McGowan J, Fitzpatrick DA Abstract The oomycetes are a class of ubiquitous, filamentous microorganisms that include some of the biggest threats to global food security and natural ecosystems. Within the oomycete class are highly diverse species that infect a broad range of animals and plants Oomycete - Transformation 2: HIGS. 6 years ago More. Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary Plus

Cocoa (cacao) | Diseases and Pests, Description, UsesPythium_irregulare

Oomycete Interactions with Plants: Infection Strategies

The oomycete molecular genetics community has a strong culture of collaboration and communication, and sharing of techniques and resources. With the recent blossoming of genetic and genomic tools for oomycetes, many new investigators, from a variety of backgrounds, have become interested in oomycete molecular genetics and genomics. The goals o Les Oomycètes sont des Mastigomycétinés à zoospores typiques, analogues à celles des Algues brunes ou jaunes. La plupart sont aquatiques, cependant certaines Saprolégniales et Péronosporales végètent dans le sol ; chez les espèces parasites de plantes supérieures, l'adaptation à la vie aérienne conduit à la suppression de la phase motile caractéristique : l

Phytophthora is a filamentous fungus-like microorganism, but belongs to the oomycetes, in the kingdom Stramenopila.Phytophthora species are notorious as plant destroyers, causing multibillion-dollar damage to agriculture and natural ecosystems worldwide annually. For a long time, genome editing has been unattainable in oomycetes, because of their extremely low rate of homologous recombination Once known as phytophthora fungus, this organism is now classified as an oomycete, a life form similar to fungus but more closely related to algae. Although perhaps an insignificant distinction when your plants are ill, this new understanding may allow for better control methods in the near future Oomycete pathogens were also major contributors to negative pairwise PSFs assumed to promote species coexistence. Results from the systematic review supported the novelty of our experimental results, since only three studies had previously used oomycete-specific fungicide in a PSF context and none in systems invaded by exotic oomycetes To confirm that MpMyb14 is induced during oomycete infection, we performed qRT-PCR analysis of mock- and P. palmivora ARI-td-treated TAK1 thalli over a 4-day infection time course. A significant induction of Mp Myb14 transcripts was observed from 2 to 4 dpi in P. palmivora -infected thalli relative to mock-treated controls ( Figure 4 A) petition and oomycete-driven PSFs on plant perfor-mance, therefore, acted in an additive manner, which seems otherwise to be a general pattern extensive to most PSFs in nature (Lekberg et al. 2018). What is the contribution of oomycete soil pathogens to pairwise PSFs in declining forests invaded by P. cinnamomi Que es Oomycetes. Es un grupo de protistas filamentosos superficialmente parecidos a hongos.El nombre significa hongos huevo y se refiere al oogonio, estructura grande y esférica que contiene los gametos femeninos. El grupo engloba especies tanto saprófitas como parásitas, muy vinculadas al medio acuoso.Como parásitos actúan contra animales acuáticos y plantas